How to Bottle Wine Once You Have Finished Making It
Making wine at home requires knowledge and dedication. However, the process is not as complicated as it might seem. You only need to follow a precise ritual: crushing, fermentation, racking, clarification, and bottling.
This guide is dedicated to the last step of winemaking, explaining how to bottle wine at home. Follow our advice and you will probably be able to bottle the wine like a pro.
Choosing the Bottles
In theory, different types of bottles are used for different types of wine. Depending on your purpose, you can follow the theory or not. If you wish to make a particular type of wine, then you should probably use the type of bottle that is recommended for that wine. If you produce the wine just for the fun of it, then any type of bottle is suitable.
One of the bottle types we really like is the one used for Bordeaux wines. It is suitable for both red and white wines, it is quite lightweight and it is easy to handle. It also comes in a variety of colors.
Speaking of the color, know that different wines should be bottled in differently colored bottles. The red wines should be bottled in brown or green bottles, while the white or rosè wines should be bottled in green or transparent bottles.
However, if you can’t store your wine in a dark place, consider choosing a brown bottle for the white wine too.
Choosing the Corks
It is recommended to use traditional corks to seal your wine bottles. If you find them to be too expensive, know that on the market, there are available some synthetic alternatives which can work great especially if you plan on drinking your wine within a year after the bottling.
However, if you want to preserve the quality of the wine, natural corks are the best solution.
When Should You Bottle the Wine?
The best moment for bottling depends on what type of wine you’re making. If you want to preserve the floral or fruity flavors, or maybe to make a slightly sparkling wine, then you should bottle the wine in early spring. This wine should be consumed within a year after the bottling.
If you make a wine that has a longer maturation period, then the best moment to bottle it is August or September.
How to Bottle Wine
- Prepare the bottles. They must be absolutely clean and sterilized. Also, make sure there is no water left inside the bottles.
- Pour a small quantity of wine into the bottles and rinse them. You can even pour a small quantity of wine into one bottle, rinse it, and then transfer the same wine into the next bottle, and so on.
- Transfer the wine from the demijohn to the bottles. To do this, place the demijohn above the level of the bottle to allow the liquid to flow easily. The best way to bottle the wine is by siphoning, as this method removes any possible sediments. Pay attention to not overfill the bottles. You should leave a space of about one inch between the wine and the cork.
- Cork the bottles. For this operation, you will need a corker and the natural or synthetic corks. Make sure to use new corks to guarantee a hermetic closure. To avoid oxidation, the corking procedure must be made as quickly as possible. You can also use sulfur dioxide to prevent oxidation, especially if you want to mature your wine for a few years.
- If you made a wine that should be consumed young, it is recommended to let it rest for a few days after bottling before tasting it.
Where to Keep the Wine?
If you don’t have a cellar, you should find a cool, dark place where to store the bottles. The temperature should be constant and the environment free of odors.
The bottles should be stored in a horizontal position. In this way, the wine can get in contact with the cork, preventing it from getting too dry. If the cork dries, it may shrink and allow the oxygen to enter the bottle, altering the wine’s quality.
How to bottle wine is not a mystery anymore. You only have to choose the right bottles, the corks and follow the easy steps presented in this guide. Remember that natural corks are the best solution.
If you have any questions or tips to share with us, please leave a comment below.